This guide contains an inventory of fundamental APA style elements

This guide contains an inventory of fundamental APA style elements

Which are commonly required for assignments at CityU. Note: Some courses and programs might have various needs for usage of APA.

Any information that isn’t “common knowledge” should be cited. Typical knowledge is information that many people understand without searching it. Common examples are “the sky is blue” or “it rains a great deal in Seattle.” If you’re perhaps not certain whether one thing is typical knowledge, citing it is far better than perhaps not citing it.

Get Help with APA

You ought to cite your sources to be able to determine other people’s tips and information utilized in your assignments. Invest the or copy some body else’s terms or some ideas and current them just as if these people were your, you might be plagiarizing.

APA Formatting and magnificence Guide, through the Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue

APA Style we Blog, published by specialists through the United states Psychological Association

Simple tips to cite sources in your projects (in-text citations): In-text citations have become essential in your projects. They inform your instructor in which the given information originated from and provides it context inside your very own writing.

APA Template

CityU APA Template: down load an APA design Microsoft term template developed by Douglas Degelman of Vanguard University.

APA Examples

Articles with or without DOI (learn about DOI from APA)

Sampson, J. P., & Makela, J. P. (2014). Ethical problems related to communication and information technology in guidance and guidance. Overseas Journal for academic and Vocational Guidance, 14(1), 135-148.

In text: (Sampson & Makela, 2014)

Collins, C. J., Hanges, P. J., & Locked, E. A. (2004). The connection of accomplishment motivation to entrepreneurial behavior: A meta-analysis. Human Performance, 17(1), 95-117.

In text: First citation (Collins, Hanges, & Locked, 2004); subsequent citations (Collins et al., 2004)

Un Statistics Division (n.d.). UNdata: A globe of data. Retrieved from

In text: (United Nations Statistics Division, n.d.)

Beck, C. A. J., & Product Sales, B. D. (2001). Family mediation: Facts, urban myths, and future leads. Washington, DC: United States Emotional Association.

In text: (Beck & product product product Sales, 2001)

E-book from Online Database

McLyman, L. A. (2005). Smart leadership Ebrary version|version that are Ebrary. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Press. Retrieved from

In text: (McLyman, 2005)

Oreg, S. & Michel, A., & Todnem, R. (Eds.). (2013). The psychology of organizational modification: watching vary from the employee’s perspective Skillsoft Books version. Retrieved from

In text: First citation (Oreg, Michel, & Todnem, 2013); subsequent citations (Oreg et al., 2013)

Reports from Internet Business Databases

Giraldo, V. (2013, November). Family clothes stores in the usa. Retrieved from IBISWorld database.

In text: (Giraldo, 2013)

MarketLine. (2013, October 9). Bayerische Motoren Werke AG (BMW Group): Business profile. Retrieved from Company Provider Complete database.

In text: (MarketLine, 2013)

Marketline. (2014, October). Workplace solutions and supplies in European countries: MarketLine industry profile. Retrieved from Mint Worldwide database.

In text: (MarketLine, 2014)

Morningstar. (2014). Ford Motor Co.: Key ratios. Retrieved from Morningstar Investment Analysis Center database.

In text: (Morningstar, 2014)

U.S. Census Bureau. (2012). Retail trade: Geographic area series: Summary statistics for america, states, metro areas, counties, and places: 2012. Table. Retrieved from

In text: (U.S. Census Bureau, 2012)

Citation Builders

Free citation tools that will help you access your conserved sources and recommendations from anywhere online. Citation builders produce APA-formatted references from user-submitted information such as for example writer, date, and book name. While citation builders are convenient, they may not be constantly accurate. Check always your recommendations and citations for APA mistakes.

Records on Formatting

Sources are cited accurately both in the writing in addition to guide list, and tend to be bought alphabetically by authors’ surnames (6.11-6.21, 6.16, 6.25).

Hanging indents and spacing that is double useful for all guide list entries (2.11).

Capitalize just the word that is first of article, guide, or chapter title and subtitle (if any), and any appropriate nouns (6.29)

Electronic log articles are cited within the manner that is same printing journal articles.

Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) should always be contained in log article citations when they can easily be found (see test citations below).

Journal and guide games into the guide list are spelled out fully and italicized.

web Page figures for several articles are supplied into the guide list (7.01, 7.02).

Simple tips to Structure Papers

Font is 12 point occasions brand New Roman (8.03).

Margins are set at 1 inch (2.54cm) (8.03).

Line spacing is dual for the document that is entire pages numbered in sequence, you start with the name web page (8.03).

Punctuation spacing is two areas after each and every punctuation mark closing a phrase, and something area most likely other punctuation (4.01, 4.02).

Title web page is a split web page and includes the header, article title, author’s name and date (8.03).*

Headers look at the top of each web page you need to include the author’s name that is last page quantity.*

All pages, you start with the name web web web page, should consecutively be numbered (8.03).

Heading amounts accurately reflect the business for the paper and tend to be utilized regularly through the entire paper (3.02-3.03).

Paragraphs have at the very least three sentences but they aren’t more than one web page (3.08). Indent the line that is first of paragraph (8.03).

Abbreviations are written as whole terms or expressions the time that is first are utilized aided by the abbreviation after in parentheses. Make use of the form that is abbreviated, unless it really is utilized at the start of a phrase (4.22-4.23).

Quotations under 40 terms are enclosed by quote markings and can include web page or paragraph figures into the citation that is in-text. Quotations of 40 or even more words are formatted in a freestanding block of text without any quote marks (4.08, 6.03, 6.05).

Numbers, tables, appendices as well as other document elements should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals (1,2,3) when you look at the purchase for which they truly are mentioned (5.05, 5.30).

Tables are typical described when you look at the text and every dining table line features a heading (5.13, 5.19).

Appendices take split pages, with just one figure or table per web page (8.03).

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